Lancelot Hogben

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Lancelot Thomas Hogben
Ne havas libera imajo.jpg
Profesiono: zoologiisto, genetikisto e linguistikisto
Lando: Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Unionita Rejio
Nasko-dio: 9 di decembro 1895
Nasko-loko: Portsmouth, Anglia
Morto-dio: 22 di agosto 1975
Morto-loko: Wrexham, Wals

Lancelot Thomas Hogben (1895 til 1975) esis plurarta Angla zoologiisto e medikala statistikisto. Il esas rikonocata por ilua libri pri cienco, matematiko, e linguistiko. Il esis kreitero dil linguo Interglossa, qua pose divenis Glosa, e il esis Marxisto. Hogben mariajis su kun la matematikino, statistikistino e feministo Enid Charles en 1917. Il fondis la Jurnalo di Experimentala Biologio, kun Julian Huxley e J. B. S. Haldane.

Il naskis en Portsmouth, e kande ilua gepatri transportis sua moblim a London, il frequentis Tottenham Komtio Skolo. Il pose studis fiziologio en Trinity Kolegio en Cambridge, e obtenis sua diplomo ye 1915. Il aquirabis konvinki socialista, e rinomis Fabiana Societo a Socialista Societo. Pose en ilua vivo, il nomis su 'humanisto ciencala'.

Dum Unesma mondomilito, il esis pacifisto ed enkarcerigabis ye 1916; pos sis monati di laboro en Reda Kruco en Francia, e ilua intencita retrovenar a Cambridge. Ilua saneso febleskis pos mala traktado, e il liberigabis ye 1917.

Pos yaro di konvaleco, il komencis en Londonana universitati, e transportis sua mobli ye 1922 al Universitato di Edinburgh. Il pose iris a McGill Universitato, e ye 1927 a zoologiala employeso al Universitato di Kab-urbo.

En yaro 1930 li transportis sua iris a London skolo di ekonomiko, en employeso por societal biologio. Ye 1932 il kun Haldane, Huxley e Francis Albert Eley Crew (1886-1973) fondis Societo di Experimentala Biologio. Segun Gary Werskey, Hogben esis la nur uno dil quaro qua ne havis eugenika idei.

Ilua employeso por societal biologio konsolidesis da la Rockefeller Fondajo e kande ol revokis fundo, Hogben chanjis sua lojeyo, e divenis Regius Profesoro di Naturala Historio an l'Universitato di Aberdeen en yaro 1937. Dum ke Hogben esis an Aberdeen, il divenis interesata pri linguistiko. Ultre l'edito di "The Loom of Language" da sua amiko Frederick Bodmer, il kreis internaciona linguo, Interglossa, kom 'esbosuro di helpanto por demokrata mond-klaso'.

Dum Duesma mondomilito, Hogben responsis pri la medikala statistiki dil britaniana armeo. Il retretis ye 1961 de Universitato di Birmingham.

Verki[redaktar | edit source]

  • Exiles of the Snow, and Other Poems (1918)
  • An Introduction to Recent Advances in Comparative Physiology (1924) with Frank R. Winton
  • The Pigmentary Effector System. A review of the physiology of colour response (1924)
  • Comparative Physiology (1926)
  • Comparative Physiology of Internal Secretion (1927)
  • The Nature of Living Matter (1930)
  • Genetic Principles in Medical and Social Science (1931)
  • Mathematics for the Million (1936)
  • The Retreat from Reason (1936) Conway Memorial Lecture May 20, 1936
  • Science for the Citizen: A Self-Educator Based on the Social Background of Scientific Discovery (1938)
  • Political Arithmetic: A Symposium of Population Studies (1938) editor
  • Dangerous Thoughts (1939)
  • Author in Transit (1940)
  • Principles of Animal Biology (1940
  • Interglossa: A Draft of an Auxiliary for a Democratic world order, Being an Attempt to Apply Semantic Principles to Language Design (1943)
  • The Loom of Language by Frederick Bodmer (1944) editor
  • An Introduction to Mathematical Genetics (1946)
  • History of the Homeland The Story of the British Background: by Henry Hamilton (1947) editor, No. 4 of Primers for the Age of Plenty
  • From Cave Painting To Comic Strip: A Kaleidoscope of Human Communication (1949)
  • Chance and Choice by Cardpack and Chessboard (1950)
  • Man Must Measure: The Wonderful World of Mathematics (1955)
  • Statistical theory. The relationship of probability, credibility and error. An examination of the contemporary crisis in statistical theory from a behaviorist viewpoint (1957)
  • The Wonderful World Of Energy (1957)
  • The Signs of Civilisation (1959)
  • The Wonderful World Of Communication (1959)
  • Mathematics In The Making (1961)
  • Essential World English (1963) with Jane Hogben and Maureen Cartwright
  • Science in Authority: Essays (1963)
  • The Mother Tongue (1965)
  • Whales for the Welsh - A Tale of War and Peace with Notes for those who Teach or Preach (1967)
  • Beginnings and Blunders or Before Science Began (1970)
  • The Vocabulary Of Science (1970) with Maureen Cartwright
  • Astronomer Priest and Ancient Mariner (1972)
  • Maps, Mirrors and Mechanics (1973)
  • Columbus, the Cannon Ball and the Common Pump (1974)
  • How The World Was Explored, editor, with Marie Neurath and J. A. Lauwerys
  • Lancelot Hogben: Scientific Humanist (1998) autobiography, edited by Adrian Hogben and Anne Hogben

Referi[redaktar | edit source]

  • Bud, Robert. Lancelot Thomas Hogben (1895–1975), Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004.
  • Hogben, Lancelot. Lancelot Hogben scientific humanist: an unauthorised autobiography, edited by Adrian and Ann Hogben. Merlin 1998.
  • Wersky, Gary. The Visible College 1978.

Extera pagini[redaktar | edit source]

Por tributo a Mathematics for the Million da David Mumford

Poka korespondi inter Hogben e Ronald Fisher es disponebla enrete: