B. R. Ambedkar

De Wikipedio
Irez a navigado Irez a serchilo
Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar
Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar.jpg
Profesiono: yuristo, ekonomikisto e politikisto
Lando: Flag of India.svg India
Naskodato: 14 di aprilo 1891
Nasko-loko: Mhow, Britaniana India
(nune Bhim Janmabhoomi, Madhya Pradesh, India)
Mortodato: 6 di decembro 1956
Morto-loko: Delhi, India

Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar (14ma di aprilo 1891 - 6ma di decembro 1956), anke konocata kom Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar, esis Indiana yuristo, ekonomikisto, politikisto e social-reformero, qua inspiris la konverto di dalit a Buddhismo, ed kampanis kontre sociaka diskriminaco kontre la "netushebla" kasto dalit. Il anke suportis laborala yuri por mulieri. Il esis l'unesna ministro pri yuro ed justeso de India, e l'"arkitekto" di la Indiana konstituco, e fondinta patro di la Republiko India.[1][2][3][4][5][6]

En 1956, ilu komencis masiva konverto di dalit-i a Buddhismo, e konvertis cirkume 600 mil personi. Ilu rivivigis Buddhismo en India. Inter la Budisti Navayana Ambedkar judkiesas kom "Bodhisatvo" (persono qua povas atingar la sama stando kam Buddho), e Maitreya (sucedanto di Buddho).[7][8][9][10]

En 1990, la premio Bharat Ratna, la maxim importanta civila premio di India, donesis postmorta ad Ambedkar. La heredo de Ambedkar inkluzas multa monumenti ed imaji en populala kulturo. L'idei di Ambedkar kom socipolitikala reforminto havis profunda efekti en moderna India.[11][12]

Ambedkar elektesis "la maxim importanta persono di India" ("The greatest Indian") en 2012, per inquesto organizita da History TV18 e CNN IBN, ante ke Vallabhbhai Patel ed Jawaharlal Nehru.[13]

Ambedkar Jayanti (naskodio de Ambedkar) esas yarala festo eventanta la 14ma de aprilo. Ol festesas ne nur en India, ma en tota mondo. Ambedkar Jayanti agnoskesas kom oficala festodio en India.[14][15][16] Unioninta Nacioni festis Ambedkar Jayanti en 2016, 2017 e 2018.[17][18][19]

Referi[redaktar | redaktar fonto]

  1. Bhimrao Ambedkar
  2. Ambedkar Jayanti 2019: Facts on Babasaheb to share with kids.
  3. How India’s Most Downtrodden Embraced the Power of Statues
  4. Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar | Biography, Books, & Facts | Britannica
  5. All You Need To Know About BR Ambedkar On His 129th Birth Anniversary
  6. (2013) - Princeton Dictionary of Buddhism - (Princeton, NJ) Princeton University Press.
  7. https://theprint.in/opinion/why-ambedkar-chose-buddhism-over-hinduism-islam-christianity/237599/
  8. https://indianexpress.com/article/explained/buddha-purnima-special-why-ambedkar-coverted-to-buddhism-6397742/
  9. https://www.thequint.com/news/india/br-ambedkar-conversion-to-buddhism
  10. Christopher Queen (2015). A Companion to Buddhist Philosophy. - A Companion to Buddhist Philosophy - pp. 529-531 John Wiley & Sons.
  11. Joshi, Barbara R.title=Untouchable!: Voices of the Dalit Liberation Movement (1986). - {{{title}}} - pp. 11-14 Zed Books.
  12. Keer, D. (1990). Dr. Ambedkar: Life and Mission. - Dr. Ambedkar: Life and Mission - Popular Prakashan.
  13. https://www.outlookindia.com/magazine/story/a-measure-of-the-man/281949
  14. 125th Dr. Ambedkar Birthday Celebrations Around the World. mea.gov.in
  15. url=https://web.archive.org/web/20150405042913/http://ccis.nic.in/WriteReadData/CircularPortal/D2/D02est/12_6_2015_JCA-2-19032015.pdf
  16. http://persmin.gov.in/ Webpage of Ministry of Personnel and Public Grievance & Pension
  17. Ambedkar Jayanti celebrated for the first time outside India as UN organises special event - Firstpost. URL vidita ye la 9ma di novembro 2018.
  18. - UN celebrates Ambedkar's legacy 'fighting inequality, inspiring inclusion' - UN celebrates Ambedkar's legacy 'fighting inequality, inspiring inclusion'. The New Indian Express
  19. - संयुक्त राष्ट्र में मनाई गई डॉ. बाबासाहेब भीमराव आंबेडकर जयंती - News State - संयुक्त राष्ट्र में मनाई गई डॉ. बाबासाहेब भीमराव आंबेडकर जयंती - News State (en Angla). newsstate.com