Afrika

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Afrika.

Afrika esas la duesma maxim granda kontinento en Tero. Kun cirkum 30.2 milion km², ol kovras 6% di la surfaco dil planeto, e havis 1,001 milion habitanti en 2005[1]. Afrika esas cirkonata al nordo kun Mediteraneo, al nord-esto kun Suez-kanalo e Reda maro, al sud-esto kun Indiana oceano e kun Oceano Atlantiko al westo. Afrika, partikulare centrala estala Afrika, esas larje egardis inter la ciencala komunito qua olu esas l'origino dil homi.

  • Surfaco: 30,2 milioni km²
  • Habitanti: 1,001 milion habitanti (2005)
  • Nedependanta landi: 54 (kun l'agnosko di Sud-Sudan)

Geografio[redaktar | edit source]

  • Maxim norda loko: Ras ben Sakka, Tunizia (37°21′N 09°45′E).
  • Maxim esta loko: Santo Antao, Kabo Verda (34°49′S 20°00′E).
  • Maxim suda loko: Kabo Agulhas, Sudafrika (34°50'S 20º00'E).
  • Maxim westa loko: Rodrigues insulo, Maurico (19º40'S 63º30'E).
  • Maxim alta monto: Kilimandjaro (5,895 m)
  • Maxim basa punto: Lago Assal, Djibouti (-155 m)
  • Mezvalor altitudo: 600 metri.

Nedependanta landi en Afrika[redaktar | edit source]

Politikala mapo di Afrika.
Lando Nomo, en lua oficala idiomi Chef-urbo Surfaco (km²) Populo (2009)
Flag of Algeria.svg Aljeria لجمهورية الجزائرية الديمقراطية الشعبية
Al-Yumhūriyya al-Yazāiiriyya ad-Dīmuqrāţiyya ash-Sha`biyya
Tigduda tamegdayt taɣerfant tažžayrit
Aljer 2.381.741 34.178.188
Flag of Angola.svg Angola República de Angola Luanda 1.246.700 15.941.056
Flag of Benin.svg Benin Republique du Benin Cotonou 112.622 8.791.832
Flag of Botswana.svg Botswana Republic of Botswana
Lefatshe la Botswana
Gaborone 581.730 1.990.876
Flag of Burkina Faso.svg Burkina Faso Burkina Faso Ouagadougou 274.200 15.746.232
Flag of Burundi.svg Burundi République du Burundi
Republika y'u Burundi
Bujumbura 27.830 8.988.091
Flag of the Central African Republic.svg Centrafrika République centrafricaine
Ködörösêse tî Bêafrîka
Bangui 622.984 4.511.488
Flag of Chad.svg Chad République du Tchad
جمهورية تشاد
N'Djamena 1.284.000 10.329.208
Flag of the Democratic Republic of the Congo.svg Demokratial Republiko Kongo République Démocratique du Congo Kinshasa 2.344.858 68.692.542
Flag of Djibouti.svg Djibouti جمهورية جيبوتي
République de Djibouti
Djibouti 23.200 516.055
Flag of Egypt.svg Egiptia جمهورية مصر العربية
(Cumhūriyyet Mısr al-ʿArabiyye)
Kairo 1.001.450 83.082.869
Flag of Equatorial Guinea.svg Equatorala Guinea República de Guinea Ecuatorial Malabo 28.051 633.441
Flag of Eritrea.svg Eritrea دولة إرتري (Dawlat İritrīya)
State of Eritrea
Stato di Eritrea
Asmara 117.600 5.647.168
Flag of Ethiopia.svg Etiopia (ye-Ītyōṗṗyā Fēdēralāwī Dīmōkrāsīyāwī Rīpeblīk) Addis Ababa 1.104.300 85.237.338
Flag of Gabon.svg Gabon République gabonaise Libreville 267.667 1.514.993
Flag of The Gambia.svg Gambia Republic of The Gambia Banjul 11.295 1.782.893
Flag of Ghana.svg Ghana Republic of Ghana Accra 238.533 23.832.495
Flag of Guinea.svg Guinea République de Guinée Conakry 245.857 10.057.975
Flag of Guinea-Bissau.svg Guinea Bisau República da Guiné-Bissau Bissau 36.125 1.533.964
Flag of Côte d'Ivoire.svg Ivora Rivo République de Côte d'Ivoire Yamoussoukro 322.463 20.617.068
Flag of Cape Verde.svg Kabo Verda República de Cabo Verde Praia 4.033 429.474
Flag of Cameroon.svg Kamerun République du Cameroun
Republic of Cameroon
Yaounde 475.440 18.879.301
Flag of Kenya.svg Kenia Republic of Kenya
Jamhuri ya Kenya
Nairobi 580.367 39.002.772
Flag of the Comoros.svg Komori الاتّحاد القمريّ (el-İttiḥād el-Kamariyy)
Union des Comores
Udzima wa Komori
Moroni 2.235 752.438
Flag of Lesotho.svg Lesoto Kingdom of Lesotho
Muso oa Lesotho
Maseru 30.355 2.130.819
Flag of Liberia.svg Liberia Republic of Liberia Monrovia 111.369 3.441.790
Flag of Libya.svg Libia لجماهيرية العربية الليبية الشعبية الإشتراكية العظمى (El-Cemāhīriyyetü'l-ʿArabiyyetü'l-Lībiyye eş-şaʿbiyyetü'l-İştirākiyyetü'l-ʿUẓmā) Tripoli 1.759.540 6.310.434
Flag of Madagascar.svg Madagaskar République de Madagascar
Repoblikan'i Madagasikara
Antananarivo 587.041 20.653.556
Flag of Malawi.svg Malawi Dziko la Malaŵi
Republic of Malawi
Lilongwe 118.484 14.268.711
Flag of Mali.svg Mali République du Mali Bamako 1.240.192 12.666.987
Flag of Morocco.svg Maroko المملكة المغربية (El Memleket'ül Mağribiye) Rabat 446.550 34.859.364
Flag of Mauritius.svg Maurico Republic of Mauritius Port Louis 2.040 1.284.264
Flag of Mauritania.svg Mauritania الجمهورية الإسلامية الموريتانية (el-Cumhūriyye el-İslāmiyye el-Mūrītāniyye)
République Islamique de Mauritanie
Nouakchott 1.030.700 3.129.486
Flag of Mozambique.svg Mozambik República de Moçambique Maputo 799.380 21.669.278
Flag of Namibia.svg Namibia Republic of Namibia Windhoek 824.292 2.108.665
Flag of Niger.svg Nijer République du Niger Niamey 1.267.000 15.306.252
Flag of Nigeria.svg Nigeria Republic of Nigeria Abuja 923.768 149.229.090
Flag of the Republic of the Congo.svg Republiko Kongo République du Congo Brazzaville 342.000 4.012.809
Flag of Rwanda.svg Ruanda République du Rwanda
Republic of Rwanda
Repubulika y'u Rwanda
Kigali 26.338 10.473.282
Flag of Sao Tome and Principe.svg Sao Tome e Principe República Democrática de São Tomé e Príncipe Sao Tome 964 212.679
Flag of Senegal.svg Senegal République du Sénégal Dakar 196.722 13.711.597
Flag of Seychelles.svg Seycheli République des Seychelles
Republic of Seychelles
Repiblik Sesel
Victoria 455 87.476
Flag of Sierra Leone.svg Sierra Leone Republic of Sierra Leone Freetown 637.657 9.832.017
Flag of Somalia.svg Somalia جمهورية الصومال (Cumhūriyyet es-Sūmāl‎)
Jamhuuriyadda Soomaaliya
Mogadishu 637.657 9.832.017
Flag of South Africa.svg Sudafrika Republiek van Suid-Afrika
Republic of South Africa
Riphabliki yeSewula Afrika
Rephaboliki ya Afrika Borwa
Riphabliki ra Afrika Dzonga
iRiphabliki yomZantsi Afrika
Riphabuḽiki ya Afurika Tshipembe
iRiphabhuliki yaseNingizimu Afrika
Pretoria
Bloemfontein
Kab-urbo
1.219.090 49.052.489
Flag of Sudan.svg Sudan جمهورية السودان (Cumhuriyyet es-Sudan)
Republic of the Sudan
Khartoum 2.505.813 41.087.825
Flag of South Sudan.svg Sud-Sudan Republic of South Sudan Juba 619,745 8,260,490[2]
Flag of Swaziland.svg Swazilando Kingdom of Swaziland
Umbuso weSwatini
Mbabane
Lobamba
17.364 1.123.913
Flag of Tanzania.svg Tanzania United Republic of Tanzania
Jamhuri ya Muungano wa Tanzania
Dodoma 947.300 41.048.532
Flag of Togo.svg Togo République Togolaise Lome 56.785 6.019.877
Flag of Tunisia.svg Tunizia الجمهورية التونسية (El-Cumhūriyyetü't-Tūnisiyye) Tunis 163.610 10.486.339
Flag of Uganda.svg Uganda Republic of Uganda
Jamhuri ya Uganda
Kampala 241.038 32.369.558
Flag of Zambia.svg Zambia Republic of Zambia Lusaka 752.618 11.862.740
Flag of Zimbabwe.svg Zimbabwe Republic of Zimbabwe Harare 390.757 11.392.629

Dependanta teritorii en Afrika[redaktar | edit source]

Ceuta e Melilla | Kanarii | Madeira | Mayotte insulo | Réunion | Santa Helena, Acenso Insulo e Tristao da Cunha

Altra loki

Kabo di Bon Espero | Sahara | St Helena (insulo) | Magrebo | Zanzibar

Historiala loki[redaktar | edit source]

Abisinia | Berberia | Dahome | Franca Westala Afrika | Zaire

Riveri e fluvii[redaktar | edit source]

Drena baseni en Afrika.

La tri maxim granda fluvii en Afrika esas Nilo (6,853 km di extenso), Kongo (4,700 km) e Nijer (4,180 km). Altra importanta fluvii esas Zambezi (2,574 km), Orange (2,200 km), Limpopo (1,750 km), e Volta (qua formacesas da l'uniono di Nigra Volta (1,352 km) kun Blanka Volta (885 km)).

Monti[redaktar | edit source]

Kilimandjaro | Ras Dashan

Ekosistemi[redaktar | edit source]

Equatorala e tropikala foresti | savano | dezerto | Okavango delto

Referi[redaktar | edit source]

  1. World Population Prospects - The 2006 Revision Unionita Nacioni
  2. Discontent over Sudan Census News24.com. AFP (statistiko por 2008)
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Kontinenti di Tero
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Afrika
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Antarktika
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Azia
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Amerika
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Europa
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Oceania