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Listo di Nobel-laureati pri fiziko

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Medalio di Nobel-premio.
Medalio di Nobel-premio.

Nobel-premio donesas da Nobel-fonduro depos 1901. Yen la kompleta listo di Nobel-laureati pri fiziko til nun.

Yaro Laureati Lando
1901 Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen  Germana imperio
1902 Hendrik Antoon Lorentz
Pieter Zeeman
Nederlando
1903 Antoine Henri Becquerel
Pierre Curie
Marie Curie
Francia
1904 Lord John Rayleigh Unionita Rejio
1905 Philipp Lenard  Germana imperio
1906 Sir Joseph John Thomson Unionita Rejio
1907 Albert A. Michelson Usa
1908 Gabriel Lippmann Francia
1909 Guglielmo Marconi
Karl Ferdinand Braun
 Italia
 Germana imperio
1910 Johannes Diderik van der Waals Nederlando
1911 Wilhelm Wien  Germana imperio
1912 Nils Gustaf Dalén Suedia
1913 Heike Kamerlingh Onnes Nederlando
1914 Max von Laue Germana imperio
1915 William Henry Bragg
William Lawrence Bragg
Unionita Rejio
1916 (ne premiizita)
1917 Charles Glover Barkla Unionita Rejio
1918 Max Planck  Germana imperio
1919 Johannes Stark Germania
1920 Charles Edouard Guillaume Suisia
1921 Albert Einstein Germania
1922 Niels Bohr Dania
1923 Robert Andrews Millikan Usa
1924 Karl Manne Georg Siegbahn Suedia
1925 James Franck
Gustav Ludwig Hertz
Germania
1926 Jean Baptiste Perrin Francia
1927 Arthur Holly Compton
Charles Thomson Rees Wilson
Usa
Unionita Rejio
1928 Sir Owen Willans Richardson Unionita Rejio
1929 Louis de Broglie Francia
1930 Sir Chandrashekhara Venkata Raman Unionita Rejio/ India
1931 (ne premiizita)
1932 Werner Heisenberg Germania
1933 Paul Adrien Maurice Dirac
Erwin Schrödinger
Unionita Rejio
Austria
1934 (ne premiizita)
1935 James Chadwick Unionita Rejio
1936 Carl David Anderson
Victor Francis Hess
Usa
Austria
1937 Clinton Joseph Davisson
Sir George Paget Thomson
Usa
Unionita Rejio
1938 Enrico Fermi  Italia
1939 Ernest Lawrence Usa
1940 (ne premiizita)
1941 (ne premiizita)
1942 (ne premiizita)
1943 Otto Stern Usa
1944 Isidor Isaac Rabi Usa
1945 Wolfgang Pauli Austria
1946 Percy Williams Bridgman Usa
1947 Edward Victor Appleton Unionita Rejio
1948 Patrick Blackett Unionita Rejio
1949 Hideki Yukawa Japonia
1950 Cecil Frank Powell Unionita Rejio
1951 Sir John Douglas Cockcroft
Ernest Walton
Unionita Rejio
Republiko Irlando
1952 Felix Bloch
Edward Mills Purcell
Usa
1953 Frits (Frederik) Zernike Nederlando
1954 Max Born
Walther Wilhelm Georg Bothe
Germania
1955 Willis Eugene Lamb
Polykarp Kusch
Usa
1956 William Bradford Shockley
Walter H. Brattain
John Bardeen
Usa
1957 Chen Ning Yang
Tsung-Dao Lee
PR Chinia
1958 Pavel Cherenkov, Ilya Frank, Igor Tamm Sovietia
1959 Emilio Gino Segrè, Owen Chamberlain Usa
1960 Donald Arthur Glaser Usa
1961 Robert Hofstadter
Rudolf Ludwig Mössbauer
Usa
Germania
1962 Lev Davidovich Landau Sovietia
1963 Eugene Paul Wigner
Maria Goeppert-Mayer
J. Hans D. Jansen
Usa
1964 Charles Hard Townes
Nikolai Genadiyevich Basov
Alexandr Mihailovich Prohorov
Usa
Sovietia
Sovietia
1965 Julian Schwinger
Richard P. Feynman
Sin-Itiro Tomonaga
Usa
Usa
Japonia
1966 Alfred Kastler Francia
1967 Hans Albrecht Bethe Usa
1968 Luis Walter Álvarez Usa
1969 Murray Gell-Mann Usa
1970 Hannes Alfvén
Louis Néel
Suedia Francia
1971 Dennis Gabor Unionita Rejio
1972 John Bardeen
Leon N. Cooper
John Robert Schrieffer
Usa
1973 Leo Esaki
Ivar Giaever
Brian David Josephson
Japonia
Usa
Unionita Rejio
1974 Sir Martin Ryle
Antony Hewish
Unionita Rejio
1975 James Rainwater
Aage N. Bohr
Ben Roy Mottelson
Usa
Dania
Dania
1976 Burton Richter
Samuel Chao Chung Ting
Usa
1977 Philip Warren Anderson
Sir Nevill Francis Mott
John Hasbrouck van Vleck
Usa
Unionita Rejio
Usa
1978 Pyotr Leonidovitch Kapitsa
Arno Allan Penzias
Robert Woodrow Wilson
Sovietia
Usa
Unionita Rejio
1979 Sheldon Lee Glashow
Abdus Salam
Steven Weinberg
Usa
Pakistan
Usa
1980 James Watson Cronin
Val Logsdon Fitch
Usa
1981 Nicolaas Bloembergen
Arthur Leonard Schawlow
Kai Siegbahn
Usa
Usa
Suedia
1982 Kenneth Geddes Wilson Usa
1983 Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar
William A. Fowler
Usa
1984 Carlo Rubbia
Simon van der Meer
Italia
Nederlando
1985 Klaus von Klitzing Germania
1986 Gerd Binnig
Heinrich Rohrer
Ernst Ruska
Germania
Suisia
Germania
1987 Johannes Georg Bednorz
Karl Alexander Müller
Germania
Suisia
1988 Leon Lederman
Melvin Schwartz
Jack Steinberger
Usa
1989 Hans Georg Dehmelt
Wolfgang Paul
Norman Foster Ramsey
Germania
Germania
Usa
1990 Jerome Isaac Friedman
Henry Way Kendall
Richard Edward Taylor
Usa
Usa
Kanada
1991 Pierre-Gilles de Gennes Francia
1992 Georges Charpak Francia
1993 Russell Alan Hulse
Joseph Hooton Taylor
Usa
1994 Bertram N. Brockhouse
Clifford Shull
Kanada
Usa
1995 Martin Lewis Perl
Frederick Reines
Usa
1996 Douglas D. Osheroff
David Morris Lee
Robert Coleman Richardson
Usa
1997 Claude Cohen-Tannoudji
Steven Chu
William D. Phillips
Francia
Usa
Usa
1998 Robert B. Laughlin
Horst L. Störmer
Daniel C. Tsui
Usa
Germania
Usa
1999 Gerardus 't Hooft
Martinus J.G. Veltman
Nederlando
2000 Jares Alfioraw
Herbert Kroemer
Jack S. Kilby
Sovietia/ Bielorusia/ Rusia
Germania
Usa
2001 Eric A. Cornell
Wolfgang Ketterle
Carl E. Wieman
Usa
Germania
Usa
2002 Masatoshi Koshiba
Raymond Davis
Riccardo Giacconi
Japonia
Usa
Usa
2003 Alexei Abrikosov
Vitali Ginzburg
Anthony J. Leggett
Rusia
Rusia
Usa
2004 David J. Gross, H. David Politzer e Frank Wilczek Usa
2005 Roy J. Glauber e John L. Hall
Theodor W. Hänsch
Usa
Germania
2006 George Fitzgerald Smoot e John C. Mather Usa
2007 Albert Fert
Peter Andreas Grünberg
Francia
Germania
2008 Yoichiro Nambu
Makoto Kobayashi
Toshihide Maskawa
Usa
Japonia
Japonia
2009 Charles K. Kao
Willard Sterling Boyle
George Elwood Smith
PR Chinia
Usa
Usa
2010 Andre Geim e Konstantin Novoselov Rusia
2011 Saul Perlmutter
Brian P. Schmidt
Adam Guy Riess
Usa
Usa
Australia/ Usa
2012 Serge Haroche
David Jeffrey Wineland
Francia
Usa
2013 François Englert
Peter Ware Higgs
Belgia
Unionita Rejio
2014 Isamu Akasaki
Hiroshi Amano
Shuji Nakamura
Japonia
Japonia
Japonia
2015 Arthur Bruce McDonald
Takaaki Kajita
Kanada
Japonia
2016 David James Thouless
Frederick Duncan Haldane
John Michael Kosterlitz
Unionita Rejio/ Usa
Unionita Rejio/ Usa
Unionita Rejio/ Usa
2017 Kip Thorne
Rainer Weiss
Barry Clark Barish[1]
Usa
Usa
Usa
2018 Arthur Ashkin
Gérard Mourou
Donna Strickland
Usa
Francia
Kanada
2019 Phillip James Edwin Peebles
Michel Mayor
Didier Queloz
Kanada/ Usa
Suisia
Suisia
2020 Roger Penrose
Reinhard Genzel
Andrea Ghez
Unionita Rejio
Germania
Usa
2021 Syukuro Manabe
Klaus Hasselmann
Giorgio Parisi[2]
Japonia/ Usa
Germania
Italia
2022 Alain Aspect
John Clauser
Anton Zeilinger[3]
Francia
Usa
Austria
2023 Pierre Agostini
Ferenc Krausz
Anne L'Huillier[4]
Francia
Austria e Hungaria
Francia e Suedia

Referi[redaktar | redaktar fonto]

  1. Nobel de Física vai para cientistas que detectaram ondas gravitacionais - Publikigita da Folha de S.Paulo. URL vidita ye 3ma di oktobro 2017. Idiomo: Portugalana.
  2. The Nobel Prize in Physics 2021 - Publikigita da The Nobel Prize. URL vidita ye 5ma di oktobro 2021. 
  3. Three scientists share physics Nobel prize for quantum mechanics work - Autoro: Nicola Davis. Publikigita da The Guardian. Dato di publikigo: 4ma di oktobro 2022. URL vidita ye 5ma di oktobro 2022. Idiomo: Angla.
  4. Pierre Agostini, Ferenc Krausz, Anne L’Huillier win Nobel Prize for physics - Publikigita da www.aljazeera.com. URL vidita ye 4ma di oktobro 2023. Idiomo: Angla.

Literaturo[redaktar | redaktar fonto]

  • The politics of excellence, beyond the Nobel prize; R. Friedman ; 2002
  • Nobel Century: a biographical analysis of physics laureates, in Interdisciplinary Science Reviews, by Claus D. Hillebrand ; June 2002; No 2. p.87-93

Extera ligilo[redaktar | redaktar fonto]