Listo di Nobel-laureati pri fiziologio o medicino

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Nobel-premio donesas da Nobel-fonduro. Yen la listo di Nobel-laureati pri fiziologio o medicino de 1901 til nun.

1901 til 1920[redaktar | redaktar fonto]

Yaro Persono Lando Imajo
1901 Emil Adolf von Behring
(1854-1917)
Flag of the German Empire.svg Germanian imperio Emil von Behring
1902 Ronald Ross
(1857-1932)
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Unionita Rejio Ronald Ross
1903 Niels Ryberg Finsen
(1860-1904)
Flag of Denmark.svg Dania Niels Ryberg Finsen
1904 Ivan Pavlov
(1849-1936)
Flag of Russian Empire for private use (1914–1917) 3.svg Rusian imperio Iwan Petrowitsch Pawlow
1905 Robert Koch
(1843-1910)
Flag of the German Empire.svg Germanian imperio Robert Koch
1906 Camillo Golgi
(1843 o 1844-1926)
Flag of Italy.svg Italia Camillo Golgi
Santiago Ramón y Cajal
(1852-1934)
Flag of Spain.svg Hispania Santiago Ramón y Cajal
1907 Charles Louis Alphonse Laveran
(1845-1922)
Flag of France.svg Francia Alphonse Laveran
1908 Ilya Ilitch Metchnikov
(1845-1916)
Flag of Russian Empire for private use (1914–1917) 3.svg Rusian imperio Ilja Iljitsch Metschnikow
Paul Ehrlich
(1854-1915)
Flag of the German Empire.svg Germanian imperio
1909 Emil Theodor Kocher
(1841-1917)
Flag of Switzerland.svg Suisia Emil Theodor Kocher
1910 Albrecht Kossel
(1853-1927)
Flag of the German Empire.svg Germanian imperio Kossel, Albrecht (1853-1927).jpg
1911 Allvar Gullstrand
(1862-1930)
Flag of Sweden.svg Suedia Allvar Gullstrand
1912 Alexis Carrel
(1873-1944)
Flag of France.svg Francia Alexis Carrel
1913 Charles R. Richet
(1850-1935)
Flag of France.svg Francia Charles Robert Richet
1914 Robert Bárány
(1876-1936)
Flag of Austria-Hungary (1869-1918).svg Austria-Hungaria Róbert Bárány
1915 ne premiizita
1916 ne premiizita
1917 ne premiizita
1918 ne premiizita
1919 Jules Bordet
(1870-1961)
(recevis la premio en 1920)
Flag of Belgium.svg Belgia Jules Bordet pi.png
1920 Schack August Steenberg Krogh
(1874-1949)
Flag of Denmark.svg Dania August Krogh Bain 32006.jpg

1921 til 1940[redaktar | redaktar fonto]

Yaro Persono Lando Imajo
1921 ne premiizita
1922 Archibald Vivian Hill
(1886-1977)
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Unionita Rejio Archibald Vivian Hill.jpg
Otto Fritz Meyerhof
(1884-1951)
Flag of Germany.svg Germania Otto Fritz Meyerhof.jpg
1923 Frederick Banting
(1891-1941)
Flag of Canada.svg Kanada Fredrick Banting
John James Rickard Macleod
(1876-1935)
Flag of Canada.svg Kanada John James Richard Macleod
1924 Willem Einthoven
(1860-1927)
Flag of the Netherlands.svg Nederlando Willem Einthoven
1925 ne premiizita
1926 Johannes Fibiger
(1867-1928)
(recevis la premio en 1927)
Flag of Denmark.svg Dania Johannes Fibiger
1927 Julius Wagner-Jauregg
(1857-1940)
Flag of Austria.svg Austria Julius Wagner-Jauregg.jpg
1928 Charles Nicolle
(1866-1936)
Flag of France.svg Francia Charles Nicolle
1929 Christiaan Eijkman
(1858-1930)
Flag of the Netherlands.svg Nederlando Christiaan Eijkman
Frederick Gowland Hopkins
(1861-1947)
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Unionita Rejio Frederick Gowland Hopkins
1930 Karl Landsteiner
(1868-1943)
Flag of Austria.svg Austria Karl Landsteiner
1931 Otto Heinrich Warburg
(1883-1970)
Flag of Germany.svg Germania Otto Heinrich Warburg
1932 Charles Scott Sherrington
(1857-1952)
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Unionita Rejio Charles Smart Roy und Charles Scott Sherrington (rechts)
Edgar Douglas Adrian
(1889-1977)
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Unionita Rejio Edgar Douglas Adrian nobel.jpg
1933 Thomas Hunt Morgan
(1866-1945)
Flag of the United States.svg Usa Thomas Hunt Morgan
1934 George Hoyt Whipple
(1878-1976)
Flag of the United States.svg Usa George Whipple nobel.jpg
George Richards Minot
(1885-1950)
Flag of the United States.svg Usa George Minot nobel.jpg
William Parry Murphy
(1892-1987)
Flag of the United States.svg Usa William P Murphy.jpg
1935 Hans Spemann
(1869-1941)
Flag of Germany.svg Germania
1936 Henry Hallett Dale
(1875-1968)
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Unionita Rejio
Otto Loewi
(1873-1961)
Flag of Austria.svg Austria
1937 Albert von Szent-Györgyi Nagyrápolt
(1893-1986)
Flag of Hungary.svg Hungaria Albert von Szent-Györgyi Nagyrápolt
1938 Corneille Heymans
(1892-1968)
(recevis la premio ye 1939)
Flag of Belgium.svg Belgia
1939 Gerhard Domagk
(1895-1964)
Flag of Germany.svg Germania
1940 ne premiizita

1941til 1960[redaktar | redaktar fonto]

Yaro Persono Lando Imajo
1941 ne premiizita
1942 ne premiizita
1943 Henrik Dam
(1895-1976)
(recevis la premio ye 1944)
Flag of Denmark.svg Dania Henrik Dam nobel.jpg
Edward Adelbert Doisy
(1893-1986)
(recevis la premio ye 1944)
Flag of the United States.svg Usa Edward A Doisy.jpg
1944 Joseph Erlanger
(1874-1965)
Flag of the United States.svg Usa Joseph Erlanger nobel.jpg
Herbert Spencer Gasser
(1888-1963)
Flag of the United States.svg Usa Herbert Spencer Gasser nobel.jpg
1945 Alexander Fleming
(1881-1955)
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Unionita Rejio Alexander Fleming
Ernst Boris Chain
(1906-1979)
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Unionita Rejio Ernst Boris Chain 1945.jpg
Howard W. Florey
(1898-1968)
Flag of Australia.svg Australia Howard Walter Florey 1945.jpg
1946 Hermann Joseph Muller
(1890-1967)
Flag of the United States.svg Usa Ne havas libera imajo.svg
1947 Carl F. Cori
(1896-1984)
Flag of the United States.svg Usa Carl Ferdinand Cori
Gerty Cori
(1896-1957)
Flag of the United States.svg Usa Gerty Theresa Cori
Bernardo Alberto Houssay
(1887-1971)
Flag of Argentina.svg Arjentinia Bernardo Alberto Houssay
1948 Paul Hermann Müller
(1899-1965)
Flag of Switzerland.svg Suisia Paul Hermann Müller nobel.jpg
1949 Walter Rudolf Hess
(1881-1973)
Flag of Switzerland.svg Suisia Walter Rudolf Hess
António Egas Moniz
(1874-1955)
Flag of Portugal.svg Portugal Egas Moniz
1950 Edward Calvin Kendall
(1886-1972)
Flag of the United States.svg Usa
Tadeusz Reichstein
(1897-1996)
Flag of Switzerland.svg Suisia
Philip Showalter Hench
(1896-1965)
Flag of the United States.svg Usa
1951 Max Theiler
(1899-1972)
Flag of South Africa.svg Sudafrika
1952 Selman A. Waksman
(1888-1973)
Flag of the United States.svg Usa Selman Waksman
1953 Hans Adolf Krebs
(1900-1981)
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Unionita Rejio
Fritz A. Lipmann
(1899-1986)
Flag of the United States.svg Usa Fritz Albert Lipmann
1954 John F. Enders
(1897-1985)
Flag of the United States.svg Usa John Franklin Enders
Thomas H. Weller
(1915-2008)
Flag of the United States.svg Usa
Frederick C. Robbins
(1916-2003)
Flag of the United States.svg Usa
1955 Hugo Theorell
(1903-1982)
Flag of Sweden.svg Suedia
1956 André F. Cournand
(1895-1988)
Flag of the United States.svg Usa
Werner Forssmann
(1904-1979)
Flag of Germany.svg Germania Werner Forßmann 1959.jpg
Dickinson W. Richards
(1895-1973)
Flag of the United States.svg Usa
1957 Daniel Bovet
(1907-1992)
Flag of Italy.svg Italia
1958 George W. Beadle
(1903-1989)
Flag of the United States.svg Usa Ne havas libera imajo.svg
Edward L. Tatum
(1909-1975)
Flag of the United States.svg Usa
Joshua Lederberg
(1925-2008)
Flag of the United States.svg Usa Joshua Lederberg
1959 Severo Ochoa
(1905-1993)
Flag of the United States.svg Usa Severo Ochoa
Arthur Kornberg
(1918-2007)
Flag of the United States.svg Usa Arthur Kornberg
1960 Frank M. Burnet
(1899-1985)
Flag of Australia.svg Australia Frank Macfarlane Burnet
Peter B. Medawar
(1915-1987)
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Unionita Rejio

1961 til 1980[redaktar | redaktar fonto]

Yaro Persono Lando Imajo
1961 Georg von Békésy
(1899-1972)
Flag of the United States.svg Usa Békéssy György.jpg
1962 Francis Crick
(1916-2004)
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Unionita Rejio Francis Crick
James Dewey Watson
(* 1928)
Flag of the United States.svg Usa JamesWatson.png
Maurice H. F. Wilkins
(1916-2004)
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Unionita RejioFlag of New Zealand.svg Nova-Zelando Maurice H F Wilkins.jpg
1963 John C. Eccles
(1903-1997)
Flag of Australia.svg Australia
Alan L. Hodgkin
(1914-1998)
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Unionita Rejio
Andrew F. Huxley
(* 1917 - 2012)
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Unionita Rejio Andrew Fielding Huxley
1964 Konrad Bloch
(1912-2000)
Flag of the United States.svg Usa Konrad Bloch
Feodor Lynen
(1911-1979)
Flag of Germany.svg Germania
1965 François Jacob
(* 1920)
Flag of France.svg Francia
André Lwoff
(1902-1994)
Flag of France.svg Francia
Jacques Lucien Monod
(1910-1976)
Flag of France.svg Francia
1966 Peyton Rous
(1879-1970)
Flag of the United States.svg Usa
Charles B. Huggins
(1901-1997)
Flag of the United States.svg Usa
1967 Ragnar Granit
(1900-1991)
Flag of Sweden.svg Suedia
Haldan K. Hartline
(1903-1983)
Flag of the United States.svg Usa
George Wald
(1906-1997)
Flag of the United States.svg Usa
1968 Robert W. Holley
(1922-1993)
Flag of the United States.svg Usa
Har Gobind Khorana
(1922-2011)
Flag of the United States.svg Usa Har Gobind Khorana.jpg
Marshall W. Nirenberg
(1927-2010)
Flag of the United States.svg Usa Marshall Warren Nirenberg
1969 Max Delbrück
(1906-1981)
Flag of the United States.svg Usa Max Delbrück
Alfred D. Hershey
(1908-1997)
Flag of the United States.svg Usa
Salvador E. Luria
(1912-1991)
Flag of the United States.svg Usa Salvador E. Luria
1970 Bernard Katz
(1911-2003)
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Unionita Rejio
Ulf von Euler
(1905-1983)
Flag of Sweden.svg Suedia
Julius Axelrod
(1912-2004)
Flag of the United States.svg Usa Julius Axelrod
1971 Earl W. Sutherland, Jr.
(1915-1974)
Flag of the United States.svg Usa
1972 Gerald M. Edelman
(* 1929)
Flag of the United States.svg Usa
Rodney R. Porter
(1917-1985)
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Unionita Rejio
1973 Karl von Frisch
(1886-1982)
Flag of Germany.svg Germania
Konrad Lorenz
(1903-1989)
Flag of Austria.svg Austria Konrad Lorenz.JPG
Nikolaas Tinbergen
(1907-1988)
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Unionita Rejio Lorenz and Tinbergen1.jpg
1974 Albert Claude
(1899-1983)
Flag of Belgium.svg Belgia
Christian de Duve
(* 1917)
Flag of Belgium.svg Belgia
George E. Palade
(1912-2008)
Flag of the United States.svg Usa
1975 David Baltimore
(* 1938)
Flag of the United States.svg Usa David Baltimore
Renato Dulbecco
(* 1914)
Flag of the United States.svg Usa
Howard M. Temin
(1934-1994)
Flag of the United States.svg Usa
1976 Baruch S. Blumberg
(1925-2011)
Flag of the United States.svg Usa Baruch Samuel Blumberg by Tom Trower (NASA).jpg
D. Carleton Gajdusek
(1923-2008)
Flag of the United States.svg Usa Ne havas libera imajo.svg
1977 Roger Guillemin
(* 1924)
Flag of the United States.svg Usa Ne havas libera imajo.svg
Andrew V. Schally
(* 1926)
Flag of the United States.svg Usa Andrew Victor Schally
Rosalyn Yalow
(* 1921)
Flag of the United States.svg Usa
1978 Werner Arber
(* 1929)
Flag of Switzerland.svg Suisia Werner Arber
Daniel Nathans
(1928-1999)
Flag of the United States.svg Usa
Hamilton O. Smith
(* 1931)
Flag of the United States.svg Usa Hamilton Othanel Smith
1979 Allan M. Cormack
(1924-1998)
Flag of the United States.svg Usa
Godfrey N. Hounsfield
(1919-2004)
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Unionita Rejio
1980 Baruj Benacerraf
(* 1920)
Flag of the United States.svg Usa
Jean Dausset
(1916-2009)
Flag of France.svg Francia
George D. Snell
(1903-1996)
Flag of the United States.svg Usa

1981 til 2000[redaktar | redaktar fonto]

Yaro Persono Lando Imajo
1981 Roger Wolcott Sperry
(1913-1994)
Flag of the United States.svg Usa Ne havas libera imajo.svg
David Hunter Hubel
(* 1926)
Flag of the United States.svg Usa Ne havas libera imajo.svg
Torsten N. Wiesel
(* 1924)
Flag of Sweden.svg Suedia Torsten Wiesel-7Nov2006.jpg
1982 Sune K. Bergström
(1916-2004)
Flag of Sweden.svg Suedia Sune Bergström
Bengt I. Samuelsson
(* 1934)
Flag of Sweden.svg Suedia
John R. Vane
(1927-2004)
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Unionita Rejio
1983 Barbara McClintock
(1902-1992)
Flag of the United States.svg Usa Barbara McClintock
1984 Niels K. Jerne
(1911-1994)
Flag of Denmark.svg Dania Niels Kaj Jerne 1950 crop.jpg
Georges J. F. Köhler
(1946-1995)
Flag of Germany.svg Germania
César Milstein
(1927-2002)
Flag of Argentina.svg ArjentiniaFlag of the United Kingdom.svg Unionita Rejio
1985 Michael S. Brown
(* 1941)
Flag of the United States.svg Usa Michael Stuart Brown
Joseph L. Goldstein
(* 1940)
Flag of the United States.svg Usa Joseph Leonard Goldstein
1986 Stanley Cohen
(* 1922)
Flag of the United States.svg Usa Stanley Cohen
Rita Levi-Montalcini
(* 1909)
Flag of Italy.svg ItaliaFlag of the United States.svg Usa Ritalevimontalcini.jpg
1987 Susumu Tonegawa
(* 1939)
Flag of Japan.svg Japonia
1988 James W. Black
(* 1924)
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Unionita Rejio
Gertrude B. Elion
(1918-1999)
Flag of the United States.svg Usa
George H. Hitchings
(1905-1998)
Flag of the United States.svg Usa
1989 J. Michael Bishop
(* 1936)
Flag of the United States.svg Usa
Harold E. Varmus
(* 1939)
Flag of the United States.svg Usa Harold Elliot Varmus
1990 Joseph E. Murray
(* 1919)
Flag of the United States.svg Usa
E. Donnall Thomas
(* 1920)
Flag of the United States.svg Usa
1991 Erwin Neher
(* 1944)
Flag of Germany.svg Germania Erwin Neher
Bert Sakmann
(* 1942)
Flag of Germany.svg Germania Sakmann.jpg
1992 Edmond H. Fischer
(* 1920)
Flag of the United States.svg UsaFlag of Switzerland.svg Suisia
Edwin G. Krebs
(* 1918)
Flag of the United States.svg Usa
1993 Richard John Roberts
(* 1943)
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Unionita Rejio Richard John Roberts
Phillip A. Sharp
(* 1944)
Flag of the United States.svg Usa Phillip A. Sharp (links)
1994 Alfred G. Gilman
(* 1941)
Flag of the United States.svg Usa
Martin Rodbell
(1925-1998)
Flag of the United States.svg Usa Martin Rodbell
1995 Edward B. Lewis
(1918-2004)
Flag of the United States.svg Usa
Christiane Nüsslein-Volhard
(* 1942)
Flag of Germany.svg Germania Christiane Nüsslein-Volhard
Eric F. Wieschaus
(* 1947)
Flag of the United States.svg Usa Eric F. Wieschaus
1996 Peter C. Doherty
(* 1940)
Flag of Australia.svg Australia
Rolf Zinkernagel
(* 1944)
Flag of Switzerland.svg Suisia
1997 Stanley B. Prusiner
(* 1942)
Flag of the United States.svg Usa Stanley B. Prusiner
1998 Robert F. Furchgott
(1916-2009)
Flag of the United States.svg Usa Robert F. Furchgott
Louis J. Ignarro
(* 1941)
Flag of the United States.svg Usa Louis J. Ignarro
Ferid Murad
(* 1936)
Flag of the United States.svg Usa Ferid Murad
1999 Günter Blobel
(* 1936)
Flag of the United States.svg Usa Günter Blobel
2000 Arvid Carlsson
(* 1923)
Flag of Sweden.svg Suedia Arvid Carlsson 2011a.jpg
Paul Greengard
(* 1925)
Flag of the United States.svg Usa Paul Greengard.jpg
Eric R. Kandel
(* 1929)
Flag of the United States.svg Usa Eric Kandel

2001 til nun[redaktar | redaktar fonto]

Yaro Persono Lando Imajo
2001 Leland H. Hartwell
(* 1939)
Flag of the United States.svg Usa Ne havas libera imajo.svg
Tim Hunt
(* 1943)
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Unionita Rejio Tim Hunt
Paul M. Nurse
(* 1949)
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Unionita Rejio Paul Nurse
2002 Sydney Brenner
(* 1927)
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Unionita Rejio Sydney Brenner (zweiter von rechts)
Howard Robert Horvitz
(* 1947)
Flag of the United States.svg Usa Ne havas libera imajo.svg
John E. Sulston
(* 1942)
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Unionita Rejio John E. Sulston
2003 Paul C. Lauterbur
(1929-2007)
Flag of the United States.svg Usa Paul Christian Lauterbur
Peter Mansfield
(* 1933)
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Unionita Rejio Peter Mansfield
2004 Richard Axel
(* 1946)
Flag of the United States.svg Usa Linda B. Buck (ganz links) und Richard Axel (ganz rechts)
Linda B. Buck
(* 1947)
Flag of the United States.svg Usa Linda B. Buck
2005 Barry James Marshall
(* 1951)
Flag of Australia.svg Australia Marshall 2008.JPG
J. Robin Warren
(* 1937)
Flag of Australia.svg Australia Robin Warren
2006 Andrew Zachary Fire
(* 1959)
Flag of the United States.svg Usa Andrew Fire, Stanford University.jpg
Craig Cameron Mello
(* 1960)
Flag of the United States.svg Usa Craig Mello 2.jpg
2007 Mario Capecchi
(* 1937)
Flag of the United States.svg Usa Mario Capecchi
Martin J. Evans
(* 1941)
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Unionita Rejio Martin Evans
Oliver Smithies
(1925-2017)
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Unionita Rejio Oliver Smithies (zweiter von links)
2008 Harald zur Hausen
(* 1936)
Flag of Germany.svg Germania Harald zur Hausen
Françoise Barré-Sinoussi
(* 1947)
Flag of France.svg Francia Françoise Barré-Sinoussi
Luc Montagnier
(* 1932)
Flag of France.svg Francia Luc Montagnier
2009 Elizabeth Blackburn
(* 1948)
Flag of Australia.svg Australia
Flag of the United States.svg Usa
Elizabeth Blackburn
Carol W. Greider
(* 1961)
Flag of the United States.svg Usa Carol Greider
Jack William Szostak
(* 1952)
Flag of the United States.svg Usa Jack Szostak
2010 Robert Geoffrey Edwards
(1925-2013)
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Unionita Rejio Ne havas libera imajo.svg
2011 Bruce Alan Beutler
(1957)
Flag of the United States.svg Usa Nobel Prize 2011-Press Conference KI-DSC 7512.jpg
Jules A. Hoffmann
(* 1941)
Flag of Luxembourg.svg Luxemburgia/Flag of France.svg Francia Nobel Prize 2011-Press Conference KI-DSC 7584.jpg
Ralph Marvin Steinman
(1943-2011)
Flag of Canada.svg Kanada Ne havas libera imajo.svg
2012 Shinya Yamanaka Flag of Japan.svg Japonia Shinya Yamanaka, 20130224.jpg
John Bertrand Gurdon Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Unionita Rejio John Gurdon Cambridge 2012.JPG
2013 James Edward Rothman Flag of the United States.svg Usa Ne havas libera imajo.svg
Randy Wayne Schekman Flag of the United States.svg Usa Randy Schekman 8 February 2012.jpg
Thomas Christian Südhof Flag of the United States.svg Usa Thomas c südhof.jpg
2014 John O'Keefe Flag of the United States.svg Usa John O'Keefe (neuroscientist) 2014.jpg
May-Britt Moser Flag of Norway.svg Norvegia May-Britt Moser 2014.jpg
Edvard Moser Flag of Norway.svg Norvegia Edvard Moser.jpg
2015 Tu Youyou Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg PR Chinia Tu Youyou 5012-1-2015.jpg
William Cecil Campbell Flag of Ireland.svg Irlando William C. Campbell 4983-1-2015.jpg
Satoshi Omura Flag of Japan.svg Japonia Satoshi Ōmura 5086-1-2015.jpg
2016 Yoshinori Ohsumi Flag of Japan.svg Japonia Yoshinori Osumi 201511.jpg
Nobel-laureati pri fiziologio o medicino

1901: Behring 02: Ross 03: Finsen 04: Pavlov 05: Koch 06: GolgiRamón y Cajal 07: Laveran 08: MetchnikovEhrlich 09: Kocher 10: Kossel 11: Gullstrand 12: Carrel 13: Richet 14: Bárány 19: Bordet 20: Krogh 22: HillMeyerhof 23: BantingMacleod 24: Einthoven 26: Fibiger 27: Wagner-Jauregg 28: Nicolle 29: EijkmanHopkins 30: Landsteiner 31: Warburg 32: SherringtonAdrian 33: Morgan 34: WhippleMinotMurphy 35: Spemann 36: DaleLoewi 37: Szent-Györgyi 38: Heymans 39: Domagk 43: DamDoisy 44: ErlangerGasser 45: Fleming, Chain, Florey 46: Muller 47: C.CoriG.CoriHoussay 48: Müller 49: HessMoniz 50: KendallReichsteinHench 51: Theiler 52: Waksman 53: KrebsLipmann 54: EndersWellerRobbins 55: Theorell 56: CournandForssmannRichards 57: Bovet 58: BeadleTatumLederberg 59: OchoaKornberg 60: BurnetMedawar 61: Békésy 62: Crick, Watson, Wilkins 63: EcclesHodgkinHuxley 64: BlochLynen 65: JacobLwoff, Monod 66: RousHuggins 67: GranitHartlineWald 68: HolleyKhoranaNirenberg 69: DelbrückHersheyLuria 70: KatzEulerAxelrod 71: Sutherland 72: EdelmanPorter 73: FrischLorenz, Tinbergen 74: ClaudeDuvePalade 75: BaltimoreDulbeccoTemin 76: BlumbergGajdusek 77: GuilleminSchallyYalow 78: ArberNathansSmith 79: CormackHounsfield 80: BenacerrafDaussetSnell 81: SperryHubelWiesel 82: BergströmSamuelssonVane 83: McClintock 84: JerneKöhlerMilstein 85: BrownGoldstein 86: CohenLevi-Montalcini 87: Tonegawa 88: BlackElionHitchings 89: BishopVarmus 90: MurrayThomas 91: NeherSakmann 92: FischerKrebs 93: RobertsSharp 94: GilmanRodbell 95: LewisNüsslein-VolhardWieschaus 96: DohertyZinkernagel 97: Prusiner 98: FurchgottIgnarroMurad 99: Blobel 2000: CarlssonGreengardKandel 01: HartwellHuntNurse 02: BrennerHorvitzSulston 03: LauterburMansfield 04: AxelBuck 05: MarshallWarren 06: FireMello 07: CapecchiSmithiesEvans 08: Barré-SinoussiMontagnierzur Hausen 09: BlackburnGreiderSzostak 10: Edwards 11: BeutlerHoffmannSteinman 12: GurdonYamanaka 13: RothmanSchekmanSüdhof 14: O'KeefeMay-Britt MoserEdvard Moser 15: CampbellTuOmura 16: Ohsumi